Dunkerque LNG Infrastructure

    Largest terminal in continental Europe

    Facilities and installations

    Occupying a 56 ha site alongside Dunkirk's Western Harbour, the Dunkerque LNG terminal offers:

    • a jetty large enough to enable the unloading/reloading of the largest LNG carriers (267,000m3) at a maximum flow rate of 14,000 m3 per hour for unloading and 4,000 m3 per hour for reloading. The Dunkerque LNG terminal is currently being modified to enable a maximum reloading flow rate of 8,800 m3 (LNG) per hour;
    • 3 storage tanks, each capable of storing 190,000 m3 of LNG at -163°C;
    • 10 Open Rack Vaporizers (ORV) or regasifiers to raise the temperature of the LNG and enable it to return to its natural gas state ready to be sent out into the supply network;
    • a 5 km tunnel between the discharge canal of the Gravelines nuclear power plant and the terminal – to carry some of the heated cooling water discharged by the power plant for use in reheating the LNG in the ORVs. 

    Technical capacity

    The Dunkerque LNG terminal will have an annual regasification capacity of 13 billion m3 of gas, which is sufficient to meet approximately 20% of annual consumption in France and Belgium, making it the largest terminal of its kind in Continental Europe. It is also the only terminal to be connected directly to 2 markets – France and Belgium – using 2 separate pipelines.


    The terminal is operated by Gaz-Opale, a company 51% owned by Dunkerque LNG and 49% by Fluxys. The operator will therefore bring all its specialised operational and safety skills to the ongoing operation of the Dunkirk terminal.

    Dunkerque LNG is the legal operator of the terminal.